Listening to a Continent Sing

the companion website to the book by Donald Kroodsma


Willamette Valley, William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge, Oregon

June 15, 10:14 a.m.

Sunrise at 5:27 a.m.

Download the Recording

Bewick's wren, with nine songs. All are of the same type, the fourth song type that I've recorded from this male this morning. The average male wren on the Finley National Wildlife Refuge would have about a dozen more songs, for a total repertoire of 16 different songs.

Here are the four different Bewick's wren songs that I recorded at my favorite Finley refuge location: OR-355, OR-356, OR-357, OR-358.


Swainson's thrush, spotted towhee, common yellowthroat, American goldfinch, orange-crowned warbler, tree swallow.


Photo by John Van de Graaff