Listening to a Continent Sing

the companion website to the book by Donald Kroodsma


Quivira National Wildlife Refuge, Stafford, Kansas

June 4, 5:19 a.m.

Sunrise at 6:11 a.m.

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A western kingbird in dawn song. From his perch he sputters and bickers a nearly continuous kip kip kip ki-PIP, single kip notes followed by an occasional double ki-PIP, with a strong emphasis on the PIP, and every few seconds he delivers a flourish of longer and louder notes, ki-PEEP-PEEP-PEEP-PEEP, the emphasis strong at first and then trailing off. He had been singing here for perhaps 15 minutes before I caught up with him, and he sings for only two more minutes before flying off at 2:18 to sing elsewhere.


Ring-necked pheasant crow (best heard during the first second), eastern kingbird, great crested flycatcher awakes at 1:41.


Photo by Robert Royse